Outcome-Based Education (OBE)

What is OBE? – Concept

OBE (Outcome-Based Education) is an approach that focuses on the attainment of intended learning outcomes where students develop behaviors that are authentic to their discipline and are assessed holistically within the context of their learning. OBE clearly focuses and organizes everything in an educational system around what is essential for all students to be able to do successfully at the end of their learning experiences. This means starting with a clear picture of what is important for all students to be able to do, then organizing curriculum (outcome), instruction (activity), and assessment to make sure this learning ultimately happens.

Spady, 1994

Paradigm Shift

AspectConventional EducationOutcome-Based Education
Learner AttributePassive, rote learning, reliance
on past years’ questions
Learn with purpose/outcome in mind
Planning Process
Mainly cognitive domainCognitive, affective and psychomotor
Curriculum Design
and Delivery
Adhere to rigid syllabi
and curriculum
Facilitate student’s learning
to achieve CO
Follow the norm and/or
lecturer’s preference
Use appropriate tools/tasks
to support CO attainment
Produce learners with adherence
to curriculum and delivery methods
Enhance learning experience
using assessment tasks with rubric
Conventional Education vs. OBE
OBE Student-Centered Learning

Requirement from Qualification Bodies / Professional Bodies

Qualification / Professional Bodies

UTAR OBE Framework

PEO, PO, CO definitions
UTAR EI System

OBE by Programmes